End of Life Terminology

Book in library with old open textbook, stack piles of literature text archive on reading desk, and aisle of bookshelves in school study class room background for academic education learning concept

Christian ethics: The only value system in which motive rooted in the Christian faith is the first determinant of right and wrong.

Christian medical/ethical decision making: A way of approaching tough decisions with the question: is God still holding out the gift of life, or is he taking it away? Christian ethics reject decisions made on the basis of the question: Do I like the life God is giving me?

Christian self-image: How a Christian sees himself through faith: an evaluation of self-worth based, not on position, appearance, race or wealth, but on the righteousness of Christ which God has assigned to us.

Divine autonomy: God has absolute authority over all things. As it relates to life issues, God reserves for himself alone the right to begin and end life.

Euthanasia: The active or passive, voluntary or involuntary, application or withdrawal of medical treatment in an effort to hasten death: murder.

  • Active Euthanasia: The termination of life by direct intervention.
  • Passive Euthanasia: Hastening death by the withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment. This can range from taking a terminally ill patient off a respirator to denying him food and water when such care has not been deemed futile.
  • Voluntary Euthanasia: The killing of a patient in accordance with his or her wishes. This is broader than a suicide because it involves a second party in bringing about death.
  • Involuntary Euthanasia: The killing of an incompetent or comatose patient without his or her consent, justified as merciful or humane.

Futility: A determination that care or treatment is not providing the benefit it is intended to provide.

Imminent Death Care: The application or withdrawal of medical treatment or care deemed futile with the acknowledgment that God Himself is taking a soul to himself.

Imminent: Two doctors agree that regardless of the application or withdrawal of medical treatment death is likely to occur within hours or days.

Quality of Life: Humanistic view of self-worth based on worldly, subjective factors which ask, “Am I getting out of life what I want?”

Quantity of Life: The Christian view of self-worth based on acknowledging life, whatever its quality, to be a quantitative and absolute valued gift from God.

Time of Grace: The length of time God lovingly gives each person to come to faith in Jesus Christ and to share that faith with others.

Share

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.